Unclean Foods

Meats that are allowed to be eaten by Yahweh:

Clean Land Animals:

Antelope – Beef – Buffalo – Deer – Elk – Goat – Moose – Sheep

Clean Birds:

Chicken – Dove – Goose – Grouse – Guinea fowl – Partridge – Peafowl – Pheasant – Pigeon – Prairie chicken – Ptarmigan – Quail – Sagehen – Sparrow (plus any other songbirds) – Swan – Teal – Turkey


Clean insects include types of locusts that may include crickets and grasshoppers

Clean Fish:

Albacore (Crevalle, Horse Mackerel, Jack) – Alewives (Branch, River Herring) – Anchovy – Barracuda – Bass – Black Drum – Black Pomfret (Monchong) – Blue Runner (Hardtail) – Bluebacks (Glut Herrings) – Bluebill Sunfish – Bluefish – Bluegill – Bonitos – Bowfin – Buffalofish – Carp – Chubs (Bloater, Longjaw, Blackfin) – Cod – Common Sucker (Fresh Water Mullet, White Sucker) – Crappie (Black or White Crappies) – Drum – Flathead – Flounder (Dab, Gray, Lemon Sole, Summer – Grouper (Black, Nassau, Red, or Yellowfish Grouper, Gag) – Grunt (White / Yellow Grunts) – Gulf Pike (Robalo, Snook, Sergeant) – Haddock – Hake – Halibut – Hardhead – Hardtail (Blue Runner) – Herring (Alewife, Branch, Glut. Lake, River, Sea Herrings) – Kingfish – Long Nose Sucker (Northern or Red Striped Sucker) – Mackerel (Cobia) – Mahimahi (Dorado, Dolphinfish) – Menhaden – Minnow – Mullet – Muskellunge (Jacks) – Orange Roughy – Perch (Bream) – Pig Fish – Pike (Pickerel, Jack) – Pollack (Pollock, Boston Bluefish) – Pompano – Porgy (Scup) – Red Drum (Redfish) – Red Horse Sucker (Redfin) – Red Snapper – Redfish – Robalo (Gulf Pike) – Rockfish – Salmon (Chum, Coho, King, Pink or Red) – Sardine (Pilchard) – Scup (Porgy) – Sea Bass – Sergeant Fish (Gulf Pike) – Shad – Sheepshead – Silver Hake (Whiting) – Silversides – Smelt – Snapper – Snook (Gulf Pike) – Sole – Spanish Mackerel – Steelhead – Striped Bass – Sucker (Red Horse Sucker, Redfin) – Sunfish – Tarpon – Trout (Gray Sea, Lake, Sand Sea, White Sea, Spotted Sea Trouts, Weakfish) – Tuna – Turbot (all except European variety) – Whitefish – Whiting (Silver Hake) – Winter Flounder, Yellow Tail – Yellow Perch

Meats that are forbidden to be eaten by Yahweh:

Unclean Land Animals:clean-and-unclean-meats

Armadillo – Badger – Bear – Beaver – Camel – Cat – Cheetah – Coyote – Dog – Donkey – Elephant – Fox – Gorilla – Groundhog – Hare – Hippopotamus – Horse – Hyena – Jackal – Kangaroo – Leopard – Lion – Llama (alpaca, vicuña) – Mole – Monkey – Mouse – Mule – Muskrat – Onager – Opossum – Panther – Pig (also known as Ham, Pork, Bacon) – Porcupine – Rabbit – Raccoon – Rat – Rhinoceros – Skunk – Slug – Snail (escargot) – Squirrel – Tiger – Wallaby – Weasel – Wolf – Wolverine – Worm – Zebra

Unclean Birds:

Albatross – Bat – Bittern – Buzzard – Condor – Coot – Cormorant – Crane – Crow – Cuckoo – Eagle – Flamingo – Grebe – Grosbeak – Gull – Hawk – Heron – Kite – Lapwing – Loon – Magpie – Osprey – Ostrich – Owl – Parrot – Pelican – Penguin – Plover – Rail – Raven – Roadrunner- Sandpiper – Seagull – Stork – Swallow – Swift – Vulture – Water Hen – Woodpecker

Unclean Insects:

All insects except some in the locust family should not be consumed.

Unclean Reptiles and Amphibians:

Alligator – Blindworm – Caiman – Crocodile – Frogs – Lizard – Newts – Salamanders – Snakes – Toads – Turtles

Unclean Fish and Marine Animals:

Abalone – Bullhead – Catfish – Clam – Crab – Crayfish – Cuttlefish – Dolphin – Eel – European Turbot – Jellyfish – Limpet – Lobsters – Marlin – Mussels – Octopus – Otter – Oysters – Paddlefish – Porpoise – Prawn – Scallop – Seal – Shark – Shrimp – Squid (calamari) – Stickleback – Sturgeon – Swordfish – Walrus – Whale

Debatable plants:


NOTE:  Some people may wonder why we have included mushroom as a debatable food, especially when some Jews consider it Kosher.   In Genesis 1:29 Yahweh told Adam and Eve at the beginning of creation, “Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat [food].” Later, in His covenant with Noah, the Creator stipulates that the green plant is given for food (Genesis 9:3).  So it seems that Yahweh limited edible plants to those that are green and propagate by seeds. Those plants that lack either chlorophyll or seeds, or both, are called into question – including fungi such as mushrooms as well as various parasitic plants.  So we are not sure about Mushrooms and sometimes we do eat good quality ones.

(I didn’t include Duck in Clean or Unclean, because Duck is debated among Jews and others if Duck is clean or unclean.  I personally never eat Duck however.)

Christians will tell you that you are free to eat whatever you want now, they take Peter’s vision out of context, if only they would read it in context they would learn that the vision was explained 3 times to be about people and not animals.

Acts 10

And when you ask a Christian if they eat and feed their children bat meat, horse meat, rat meat, snake meat, dog and cat meat, seeing they believe everything is clean to eat now, they usually become silent or sidestep you.

Another verse many take out of context is 1 Corinthians 10:25, yet let’s look at in proper and accurate context:

1 Corinthians 10:19-33 What then do I say? That an idol is anything? Or, that an idol’s sacrifice is anything? No. But that what the Gentiles[1] sacrifice they sacrifice to demons, and not to Elohim. And I would not that you should be associates of demons. You cannot drink the cup of our Master (Yahshua) and the cup of demons; and you cannot be partakers at the table of our Master, and at the table of demons. Or, would we provoke our Master (Yahshua’s) jealousy? Are we stronger than he? Everything is in my power; but everything is not profitable. Everything is in my power; but everything does not build up.

Let no one seek his own things, but also the things of his fellow-man. Whatever[2] is sold in the flesh-market, you eat, without an inquiry on account of conscience: For the earth is Master Yahweh’s, in its fullness. And if one of the pagans invite you, and you are disposed to go, eat whatever is set before you, without an inquiry on account of conscience.

But if any one will say to you, This meat is derived from a sacrifice;[3] don’t eat it, for the sake of him who told you, and for conscience’s sake. The conscience I speak of is not your own, but his who told you. But why is my freedom judged of, by the conscience of others?[4] If I by grace partake, why am I reproached for that for which I give thanks?[5] If you therefore eat, or if you drink, or if you do any thing, do all things for the glory of Elohim. You be without offense to the Jews and to the Gentiles, and to the assembly of Elohim: Even as I also, in everything, please every man;[6] and do not seek what is profitable to me, but what is profitable to many; that they may live.


[1] Strong’s #1484, can also mean Pagans or Heathens.” Paul is making a clear distinction between the Gentiles who are learning Torah under his leadership from their fellow residents who are still steeped in anti-Torah lies and polytheism.

[2] “Whatever” is sold in the marketplace refers to meat that has the potential of being “sanctified by the Word of Yahweh.” Paul did not give license to buy pork or unclean meat from the marketplace; see 1 Timothy 4:5. In addition Paul says in 1 Cor 10:25: “Eat whatever is sold in the meat market without raising questions of conscience.” (Stern’s Complete Jewish Bible). The context of this verse is important. First, of course, Paul is not saying here that “all food is okay to eat.” The fact that Paul lived a kosher, Torah observant life amply supports this. Here, Paul is talking to the Messianic community of Corinth, and he and they know to only eat Kosher. So this verse is not permitting the eating of pork, or shellfish, or anything that is not “food” as declared by Yahweh. Secondly, in this part of chapter 10 of 1 Corinthians, Paul returns to the topic he introduced in chapter 8 – that of food sacrificed to idols.

Paul is explaining how the food that was prepared has no hold on you – that since you are living a life of obedience to the Word of Yahweh, then the food that Yahweh permits, provides the same sustenance for you as it would if you knew its “chain of custody” (to use a legal phrase – meaning, if you could trace the path of the animal from its owner to the meat market, and you therefore knew it was handled entirely kosher, the meat has the same value to you and your body as it would if you were not able to trace its chain of custody. However, if you find out that it was sacrificed to an idol, even though you could still eat it because you know that that sacrifice possesses no power over you, you should not eat it so as to show the “unbeliever” (vs 10:27) serving it to you, in a teaching opportunity, that his sacrifice was not valid and that you will not participate in what the unbeliever intended it to mean. See Paul’s own clarification of this in the verses just prior to 1 Cor 10:25. In 1 Cor 10:19-21, Paul says you do not want to partake at the table of our Master Yahshua and at the table of demons – instead take courage and show the unbeliever the error of their ways.

[3] All Believers can determine whether meat is unclean pork or shellfish or whether it could be sanctified according to the Word. In this case the meat was sacrificed to a pagan idol. If someone informs you that the meat came from an animal that was sacrificed to an idol, do not eat it. See also Acts 15:28, 29, Exodus 34:15, this is no license to eat unclean food.

[4] Conscience refers to the discernment of right and wrong, based on Torah as the Word of Yahweh. “Conscience” among the household of Yahweh is neither arbitrary nor variable, but a “group conscience” means a set Apart people. As Torah is being written upon the heart, Yeremyah 31:33, each soul is to recognize and support the work of the Ruach haKodesh within the Body. Paul is not at “liberty” to break the Word of Yahweh and eat meat sacrificed to idols. He is addressing the frail and immature “conscience” of those who struggle to leave paganism. When a Believer voices Torah conscience, the rest of the body is obligated to support them, even if some think otherwise. Paul refers to the Believers in Corinth as carnal babes who can’t digest solid food and who are struggling to receive truth; they are contentious and walking in the flesh (1 Cor 3), much the same as the modern day Pagan Christians who uses these verses falsely to endorse violation of Torah, which is simply a poor attempt to “justify” the weak carnal flesh.

[5] If the food appears kosher and you have prayed unto Yahweh, why should you be reproached if you didn’t know the full quality of the meat? If the host knows about removing blood, and states that precautions have been made, and you pray that it be acceptable, is that not enough? Otherwise a person would be required to be present when the meat was prepared. Nowadays, kosher food companies supervise both the slaughter and the preparation of meat in the kitchen. Absent these things, the next best thing is to do the best you can, offer a prayer, and do not let worry ruin the meal or offend a well-meaning host who gave it their best effort.

[6] Diplomatic and kind to all, but never teaching against Torah. See 1 Corinthians 9:21. Only a hater of truth would think Paul to be a man pleaser, as though he postured himself as a social butterfly to win popularity; this thinking is merely projecting one’s own ideals.

Yeremyah & Michaiyah (Yahweh’s House Ministries)